It’s a notation in a goat’s pedigree earned by meeting the minimum milk production requirements set by the registry. A buck earns a milk star based on the production of his progeny or his dam and sire’s dam. The number of stars appearing after a doe’s name refers to the number of consecutive generations of does that qualified for a star (maternal line only). For example if a 1*M doe has a daughter earn a milk star, that daughter is a 2*M. If the line is broken at any point, the count starts over.
One Day Milk Test - Common at fairs and shows, but can be scheduled anywhere (including your own farm). Days in milk, pounds of milk produced in 24 hours, and butterfat percentage are thrown into a formula. If a doe meets the minimum, she earns an ST (Standard) milk star. It does not count toward a genetic evaluation (PTI scores, Superior Genetics, etc) but it can be passed on to her bucklings. Learn more at my One Day Milk Test page.
305 Day Milk Test - Milk production is tested multiple times during a doe’s lactation. Volume (pounds of milk), fat, and protein produced are calculated. If a doe meets the minimum in any one category she earns an ST milk star. It counts toward a genetic evaluation but cannot be passed on to her bucklings. If a doe meets the minimum requirements in both volume and fat, she earns an AR (Advanced Registry) star. It counts toward a genetic evaluation and can be passed on to her bucklings. Learn more at my 305 Day Milk Test page.
Progeny - A doe can earn a milk star without ever being on milk test if her progeny earn enough milk stars: